Struct std::os::unix::net::stream::UnixStream1.10.0[][src]

pub struct UnixStream(pub(super) Socket);
This is supported on Unix only.
Expand description

A Unix stream socket.

Examples

use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::io::prelude::*;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let mut stream = UnixStream::connect("/path/to/my/socket")?;
    stream.write_all(b"hello world")?;
    let mut response = String::new();
    stream.read_to_string(&mut response)?;
    println!("{}", response);
    Ok(())
}
Run

Tuple Fields

0: Socket

Implementations

Connects to the socket named by path.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

let socket = match UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock") {
    Ok(sock) => sock,
    Err(e) => {
        println!("Couldn't connect: {:?}", e);
        return
    }
};
Run

Creates an unnamed pair of connected sockets.

Returns two UnixStreams which are connected to each other.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

let (sock1, sock2) = match UnixStream::pair() {
    Ok((sock1, sock2)) => (sock1, sock2),
    Err(e) => {
        println!("Couldn't create a pair of sockets: {:?}", e);
        return
    }
};
Run

Creates a new independently owned handle to the underlying socket.

The returned UnixStream is a reference to the same stream that this object references. Both handles will read and write the same stream of data, and options set on one stream will be propagated to the other stream.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let sock_copy = socket.try_clone().expect("Couldn't clone socket");
    Ok(())
}
Run

Returns the socket address of the local half of this connection.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
    Ok(())
}
Run

Returns the socket address of the remote half of this connection.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let addr = socket.peer_addr().expect("Couldn't get peer address");
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (peer_credentials_unix_socket #42839)

unstable

This is supported on Android or Linux or DragonFly BSD or FreeBSD or iOS or macOS or NetBSD or OpenBSD only.

Gets the peer credentials for this Unix domain socket.

Examples
#![feature(peer_credentials_unix_socket)]
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let peer_cred = socket.peer_cred().expect("Couldn't get peer credentials");
    Ok(())
}
Run

Sets the read timeout for the socket.

If the provided value is None, then read calls will block indefinitely. An Err is returned if the zero Duration is passed to this method.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_read_timeout(Some(Duration::new(1, 0))).expect("Couldn't set read timeout");
    Ok(())
}
Run

An Err is returned if the zero Duration is passed to this method:

use std::io;
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let result = socket.set_read_timeout(Some(Duration::new(0, 0)));
    let err = result.unwrap_err();
    assert_eq!(err.kind(), io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput);
    Ok(())
}
Run

Sets the write timeout for the socket.

If the provided value is None, then write calls will block indefinitely. An Err is returned if the zero Duration is passed to this method.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_write_timeout(Some(Duration::new(1, 0)))
        .expect("Couldn't set write timeout");
    Ok(())
}
Run

An Err is returned if the zero Duration is passed to this method:

use std::io;
use std::net::UdpSocket;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UdpSocket::bind("127.0.0.1:34254")?;
    let result = socket.set_write_timeout(Some(Duration::new(0, 0)));
    let err = result.unwrap_err();
    assert_eq!(err.kind(), io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput);
    Ok(())
}
Run

Returns the read timeout of this socket.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_read_timeout(Some(Duration::new(1, 0))).expect("Couldn't set read timeout");
    assert_eq!(socket.read_timeout()?, Some(Duration::new(1, 0)));
    Ok(())
}
Run

Returns the write timeout of this socket.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::time::Duration;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_write_timeout(Some(Duration::new(1, 0)))
        .expect("Couldn't set write timeout");
    assert_eq!(socket.write_timeout()?, Some(Duration::new(1, 0)));
    Ok(())
}
Run

Moves the socket into or out of nonblocking mode.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_nonblocking(true).expect("Couldn't set nonblocking");
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unix_socket_ancillary_data #76915)
This is supported on doc or Android or Linux only.

Moves the socket to pass unix credentials as control message in SocketAncillary.

Set the socket option SO_PASSCRED.

Examples
#![feature(unix_socket_ancillary_data)]
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.set_passcred(true).expect("Couldn't set passcred");
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unix_socket_ancillary_data #76915)
This is supported on doc or Android or Linux only.

Get the current value of the socket for passing unix credentials in SocketAncillary. This value can be change by set_passcred.

Get the socket option SO_PASSCRED.

Returns the value of the SO_ERROR option.

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    if let Ok(Some(err)) = socket.take_error() {
        println!("Got error: {:?}", err);
    }
    Ok(())
}
Run
Platform specific

On Redox this always returns None.

Shuts down the read, write, or both halves of this connection.

This function will cause all pending and future I/O calls on the specified portions to immediately return with an appropriate value (see the documentation of Shutdown).

Examples
use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;
use std::net::Shutdown;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    socket.shutdown(Shutdown::Both).expect("shutdown function failed");
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unix_socket_peek #76923)

Receives data on the socket from the remote address to which it is connected, without removing that data from the queue. On success, returns the number of bytes peeked.

Successive calls return the same data. This is accomplished by passing MSG_PEEK as a flag to the underlying recv system call.

Examples
#![feature(unix_socket_peek)]

use std::os::unix::net::UnixStream;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let mut buf = [0; 10];
    let len = socket.peek(&mut buf).expect("peek failed");
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unix_socket_ancillary_data #76915)
This is supported on Android or DragonFly BSD or Emscripten or FreeBSD or Linux or NetBSD or OpenBSD only.

Receives data and ancillary data from socket.

On success, returns the number of bytes read.

Examples
#![feature(unix_socket_ancillary_data)]
use std::os::unix::net::{UnixStream, SocketAncillary, AncillaryData};
use std::io::IoSliceMut;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let mut buf1 = [1; 8];
    let mut buf2 = [2; 16];
    let mut buf3 = [3; 8];
    let mut bufs = &mut [
        IoSliceMut::new(&mut buf1),
        IoSliceMut::new(&mut buf2),
        IoSliceMut::new(&mut buf3),
    ][..];
    let mut fds = [0; 8];
    let mut ancillary_buffer = [0; 128];
    let mut ancillary = SocketAncillary::new(&mut ancillary_buffer[..]);
    let size = socket.recv_vectored_with_ancillary(bufs, &mut ancillary)?;
    println!("received {}", size);
    for ancillary_result in ancillary.messages() {
        if let AncillaryData::ScmRights(scm_rights) = ancillary_result.unwrap() {
            for fd in scm_rights {
                println!("receive file descriptor: {}", fd);
            }
        }
    }
    Ok(())
}
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unix_socket_ancillary_data #76915)
This is supported on Android or DragonFly BSD or Emscripten or FreeBSD or Linux or NetBSD or OpenBSD only.

Sends data and ancillary data on the socket.

On success, returns the number of bytes written.

Examples
#![feature(unix_socket_ancillary_data)]
use std::os::unix::net::{UnixStream, SocketAncillary};
use std::io::IoSlice;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let socket = UnixStream::connect("/tmp/sock")?;
    let buf1 = [1; 8];
    let buf2 = [2; 16];
    let buf3 = [3; 8];
    let bufs = &[
        IoSlice::new(&buf1),
        IoSlice::new(&buf2),
        IoSlice::new(&buf3),
    ][..];
    let fds = [0, 1, 2];
    let mut ancillary_buffer = [0; 128];
    let mut ancillary = SocketAncillary::new(&mut ancillary_buffer[..]);
    ancillary.add_fds(&fds[..]);
    socket.send_vectored_with_ancillary(bufs, &mut ancillary)
        .expect("send_vectored_with_ancillary function failed");
    Ok(())
}
Run

Trait Implementations

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (io_safety #87074)

Borrows the file descriptor. Read more

Extracts the raw file descriptor. Read more

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Extracts the file descriptor and hints/metadata, delegating through wrappers if necessary.

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Implementations that contain buffers (i.e. BufReader) must transfer data from their internal buffers into writer until either the buffers are emptied or limit bytes have been transferred, whichever occurs sooner. If nested buffers are present the outer buffers must be drained first. Read more

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Updates Take wrappers to remove the number of bytes copied.

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

The minimum of the limit of all Take<_> wrappers, u64::MAX otherwise. This method does not account for data BufReader buffers and would underreport the limit of a Take<BufReader<Take<_>>> type. Thus its result is only valid after draining the buffers via drain_to. Read more

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Extracts the file descriptor and hints/metadata, delegating through wrappers if necessary.

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Implementations that contain buffers (i.e. BufReader) must transfer data from their internal buffers into writer until either the buffers are emptied or limit bytes have been transferred, whichever occurs sooner. If nested buffers are present the outer buffers must be drained first. Read more

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Updates Take wrappers to remove the number of bytes copied.

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

The minimum of the limit of all Take<_> wrappers, u64::MAX otherwise. This method does not account for data BufReader buffers and would underreport the limit of a Take<BufReader<Take<_>>> type. Thus its result is only valid after draining the buffers via drain_to. Read more

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Extracts the file descriptor and hints/metadata, delegating through wrappers if necessary.

This is supported on Linux or Android only.

Extracts the file descriptor and hints/metadata, delegating through wrappers if necessary.

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

Constructs a new instance of Self from the given raw file descriptor. Read more

Consumes this object, returning the raw underlying file descriptor. Read more

Pull some bytes from this source into the specified buffer, returning how many bytes were read. Read more

Like read, except that it reads into a slice of buffers. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (can_vector #69941)

Determines if this Reader has an efficient read_vectored implementation. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (read_initializer #42788)

Determines if this Reader can work with buffers of uninitialized memory. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, placing them into buf. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, appending them to buf. Read more

Read the exact number of bytes required to fill buf. Read more

Creates a “by reference” adapter for this instance of Read. Read more

Transforms this Read instance to an Iterator over its bytes. Read more

Creates an adapter which will chain this stream with another. Read more

Creates an adapter which will read at most limit bytes from it. Read more

Pull some bytes from this source into the specified buffer, returning how many bytes were read. Read more

Like read, except that it reads into a slice of buffers. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (can_vector #69941)

Determines if this Reader has an efficient read_vectored implementation. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (read_initializer #42788)

Determines if this Reader can work with buffers of uninitialized memory. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, placing them into buf. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, appending them to buf. Read more

Read the exact number of bytes required to fill buf. Read more

Creates a “by reference” adapter for this instance of Read. Read more

Transforms this Read instance to an Iterator over its bytes. Read more

Creates an adapter which will chain this stream with another. Read more

Creates an adapter which will read at most limit bytes from it. Read more

Write a buffer into this writer, returning how many bytes were written. Read more

Like write, except that it writes from a slice of buffers. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (can_vector #69941)

Determines if this Writer has an efficient write_vectored implementation. Read more

Flush this output stream, ensuring that all intermediately buffered contents reach their destination. Read more

Attempts to write an entire buffer into this writer. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (write_all_vectored #70436)

Attempts to write multiple buffers into this writer. Read more

Writes a formatted string into this writer, returning any error encountered. Read more

Creates a “by reference” adapter for this instance of Write. Read more

Write a buffer into this writer, returning how many bytes were written. Read more

Like write, except that it writes from a slice of buffers. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (can_vector #69941)

Determines if this Writer has an efficient write_vectored implementation. Read more

Flush this output stream, ensuring that all intermediately buffered contents reach their destination. Read more

Attempts to write an entire buffer into this writer. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (write_all_vectored #70436)

Attempts to write multiple buffers into this writer. Read more

Writes a formatted string into this writer, returning any error encountered. Read more

Creates a “by reference” adapter for this instance of Write. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.