Struct std::cell::RefCell1.0.0[][src]

pub struct RefCell<T> where
    T: ?Sized
{ borrow: Cell<isize>, value: UnsafeCell<T>, }
Expand description

A mutable memory location with dynamically checked borrow rules

See the module-level documentation for more.

Fields

borrow: Cell<isize>value: UnsafeCell<T>

Implementations

Creates a new RefCell containing value.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);
Run

Consumes the RefCell, returning the wrapped value.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

let five = c.into_inner();
Run

Replaces the wrapped value with a new one, returning the old value, without deinitializing either one.

This function corresponds to std::mem::replace.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;
let cell = RefCell::new(5);
let old_value = cell.replace(6);
assert_eq!(old_value, 5);
assert_eq!(cell, RefCell::new(6));
Run

Replaces the wrapped value with a new one computed from f, returning the old value, without deinitializing either one.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;
let cell = RefCell::new(5);
let old_value = cell.replace_with(|&mut old| old + 1);
assert_eq!(old_value, 5);
assert_eq!(cell, RefCell::new(6));
Run

Swaps the wrapped value of self with the wrapped value of other, without deinitializing either one.

This function corresponds to std::mem::swap.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;
let c = RefCell::new(5);
let d = RefCell::new(6);
c.swap(&d);
assert_eq!(c, RefCell::new(6));
assert_eq!(d, RefCell::new(5));
Run

Immutably borrows the wrapped value.

The borrow lasts until the returned Ref exits scope. Multiple immutable borrows can be taken out at the same time.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently mutably borrowed. For a non-panicking variant, use try_borrow.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

let borrowed_five = c.borrow();
let borrowed_five2 = c.borrow();
Run

An example of panic:

use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

let m = c.borrow_mut();
let b = c.borrow(); // this causes a panic
Run

Immutably borrows the wrapped value, returning an error if the value is currently mutably borrowed.

The borrow lasts until the returned Ref exits scope. Multiple immutable borrows can be taken out at the same time.

This is the non-panicking variant of borrow.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

{
    let m = c.borrow_mut();
    assert!(c.try_borrow().is_err());
}

{
    let m = c.borrow();
    assert!(c.try_borrow().is_ok());
}
Run

Mutably borrows the wrapped value.

The borrow lasts until the returned RefMut or all RefMuts derived from it exit scope. The value cannot be borrowed while this borrow is active.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed. For a non-panicking variant, use try_borrow_mut.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new("hello".to_owned());

*c.borrow_mut() = "bonjour".to_owned();

assert_eq!(&*c.borrow(), "bonjour");
Run

An example of panic:

use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);
let m = c.borrow();

let b = c.borrow_mut(); // this causes a panic
Run

Mutably borrows the wrapped value, returning an error if the value is currently borrowed.

The borrow lasts until the returned RefMut or all RefMuts derived from it exit scope. The value cannot be borrowed while this borrow is active.

This is the non-panicking variant of borrow_mut.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

{
    let m = c.borrow();
    assert!(c.try_borrow_mut().is_err());
}

assert!(c.try_borrow_mut().is_ok());
Run

Returns a raw pointer to the underlying data in this cell.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

let ptr = c.as_ptr();
Run

Returns a mutable reference to the underlying data.

This call borrows RefCell mutably (at compile-time) so there is no need for dynamic checks.

However be cautious: this method expects self to be mutable, which is generally not the case when using a RefCell. Take a look at the borrow_mut method instead if self isn’t mutable.

Also, please be aware that this method is only for special circumstances and is usually not what you want. In case of doubt, use borrow_mut instead.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let mut c = RefCell::new(5);
*c.get_mut() += 1;

assert_eq!(c, RefCell::new(6));
Run
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (cell_leak #69099)

Undo the effect of leaked guards on the borrow state of the RefCell.

This call is similar to get_mut but more specialized. It borrows RefCell mutably to ensure no borrows exist and then resets the state tracking shared borrows. This is relevant if some Ref or RefMut borrows have been leaked.

Examples
#![feature(cell_leak)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

let mut c = RefCell::new(0);
std::mem::forget(c.borrow_mut());

assert!(c.try_borrow().is_err());
c.undo_leak();
assert!(c.try_borrow().is_ok());
Run

Immutably borrows the wrapped value, returning an error if the value is currently mutably borrowed.

Safety

Unlike RefCell::borrow, this method is unsafe because it does not return a Ref, thus leaving the borrow flag untouched. Mutably borrowing the RefCell while the reference returned by this method is alive is undefined behaviour.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);

{
    let m = c.borrow_mut();
    assert!(unsafe { c.try_borrow_unguarded() }.is_err());
}

{
    let m = c.borrow();
    assert!(unsafe { c.try_borrow_unguarded() }.is_ok());
}
Run

Takes the wrapped value, leaving Default::default() in its place.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Examples
use std::cell::RefCell;

let c = RefCell::new(5);
let five = c.take();

assert_eq!(five, 5);
assert_eq!(c.into_inner(), 0);
Run

Trait Implementations

Panics

Panics if the value is currently mutably borrowed.

Panics

Panics if other is currently mutably borrowed.

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Creates a RefCell<T>, with the Default value for T.

Performs the conversion.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

This method tests for !=.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Panics

Panics if the value in either RefCell is currently borrowed.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into #41263)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.